|Minimum safe manning documents
|Watchkeeping certificates for ratings
Watchkeeping certificates for deck ratings issued in accordance with regulation II/6 of the STCW Convention in force before 1 February 1997 (STCW 78) are valid for service after 1 January 2017 as equivalent to a II/4 certificate issued in accordance with the STCW-95 Convention, as amended.
If Danish Minimum Safe Manning Documents contains a special requirement of conditions regarding watchkeeping certificates for ratings referring to STCW95 II/4, the Danish Maritime Authority hereby confirms that a watchkeeping certificate endorsed according to STCW95 II/4 is in compliance with STCW, 1978, as amended.
If an issued Danish certificate of proficiency as an able ship's assistant is endorsed in accordance with the STCW Convention, regulation II/4, no separate II/4 certificate is required or issued.
|Watchkeeping certificates for engine ratings
According to the STCW Code, A-VIII/2, engine watchkeeping for ratings is not re- quired.
In Danish vessels, engine ratings do not take part in the engine room watch, thus watchkeeping engine ratings are not prescribed in minimum safe manning documents, and watchkeeping certificates for engine ratings issued in accordance with regulation III/4 of the STCW Convention are not required in Danish vessels or issued.
In minimum safe manning documents, the able ratings can hold three different kinds of positions with different education. The positions are:
- Able ship’s assistants,
- able seamen (able seafarer), and
- efficient motormen (able seafarer engine).
An able ship’s assistant is educated to work on deck as well as in the engine department, while an able seaman is educated to work in the deck department only and an efficient motorman is educated to work in the engine department only.
An able ship’s assistant can therefore always replace an able seaman or an effi- cient motorman.
In minimum safe manning documents, ordinary ratings can hold three different kinds of positions with different education. The positions are:
- Ordinary ship’s assistants,
- ordinary seamen (ordinary seafarer), and
- trainee motormen (ordinary seafarer engine).
An ordinary ship’s assistant is educated to work on deck as well as in the engine department, while an ordinary seaman is educated to work in the deck department only and a trainee motorman is educated to work in the engine department only.
An ordinary ship’s assistant can therefore always replace an ordinary seaman or a trainee motorman.
|Certification as radio operator
In Danish vessels, the minimum safe manning document states how many of the navigators, including the master, should as a minimum hold a General/Restricted Operator’s Certificate (GOC/ROC) GMDSS Certificate.
Those certificates are issued pursuant to the order on radio tests and certificates in GMDSS and the order on the use of radio frequencies without a permit and on amateur radio tests and call signs, etc.
Oil, chemical, and gas certifi- cates
Regulations V/1-1 and V/1-2
On minimum safe manning documents, the Danish Maritime Authority does not necessarily state the requirements of STCW regulation V/1-1, paragraph 3, V/1-1, paragraph 5, or V/1-2, paragraph 3.
Masters, chief mates, chief engineer officers, and second engineer officers, and any person with immediate responsibility on tankers must comply unconditionally with the requirements mentioned above.
|Ships powered by main propul- sion machinery of less than 750 kW propulsion power
The minimum safe manning document for ships powered by main propulsion ma- chinery of less than 750 kW propulsion power does not prescribe engineers with certificates endorsed in accordance with the STCW Convention. Instead it is required that a number of the crew (1 or 2 persons) hold a Danish certificate of profi- ciency in motor operation. In cases where a person is required to hold a certificate of proficiency in motor operation, the person concerned may at the same time be employed to perform other types of service on board.
|Electro-technical officer and electro-technical rating
On Danish vessels, no electro-technical officers (STCW Reg. III/6) or electro- technical ratings (STCW Reg. III/7) are required because competencies according to STCW Reg. III/6 and STCW Reg. III/7, respectively, are held by prescribed engi- neer officers holding a certificate of competency according to STCW Reg. III/1, III/2, and III/3.
In case a reefer electrician has signed on in surplus to the vessel’s safe manning document requirement, and the reefer electrician is – under the supervision of one of the vessel’s engineer officers – assigned duties related to supervision, mainte- nance, plugging and unplugging of reefer units, she or he is not required to hold an STCW Reg. III/6 certificate of competency or an STCW Reg. III/7 certificate of pro- ficiency or to be in possession of a Danish endorsement certificate.
|Ships fitted with ARPA
On ships fitted with ARPA, watchkeeping officers must comply with the STCW Code, table A-II/1, about the competent use of radar and ARPA to maintain safety of navigation.
Persons holding certificates of competency as watchkeeping officers with the limitation “Not valid for ships fitted with ARPA” must not serve as watchkeeping officers on ships fitted with ARPA.
If no limitation regarding ARPA is stated on the certificate of competency as deck officers, the holders fulfil the STCW Code, table A-II/1.
|Ships fitted with ECDIS
On ships fitted with ECDIS, watchkeeping officers must comply with the STCW Code, table A-II/1, about the competent use of ECDIS to maintain safety of navigation.
Persons holding certificates of competency as watchkeeping officers with the limitation “Not valid for ships fitted with ECDIS” must not serve as watchkeeping officers on ships fitted with ECDIS.
If no limitation regarding ECDIS is stated on the certificate of competency as deck officers, the holders fulfil the STCW Code, table A-II/1.
|ISPS – manning level
When issuing minimum safe manning documents, the principles of safe manning as described in IMO resolution A.1047(27) are taken into account.
Minimum safe manning documents issued before 1 July 2002 have been evaluated and the Danish Maritime Authority has found that the minimum safe manning meets the requirements of the ISPS Code regarding manning levels.
|Certificates of competency is- sued by the Gov- ernment of the Faroe Islands
Seafarers, including masters, serving on or about to start serving on Danish merchant vessels must hold a Danish health certificate, which contains the result of a Danish medical certificate.
Seafarers are required to bring on board only the health certificate, and not the medical certificate.
|Designation of rank grade and capacity in mini- mum safe man- ning documents valid for ships registered in the Danish Interna- tional Register of Shipping (DIS)
The Minimum safe manning document issued by the Danish Maritime Authority has been certified and ratified in preparation for the best possible adoption and description of a minimum number or complement of dual purpose officers or a minimum number or complement of a combination of single string and dual string officers.
Apart from the master, all other officers can have various rank and grade descriptions, however provided that the ship is manned with a sufficient number of officers with the prescribed certificates of competency stipulated in the vessel's minimum safe manning document.
Any enquiry regarding officers' compliance with the requirements of Danish maritime law as well as the STCW Convention may be directed to the Danish Maritime Authority.
|Periodically unat- tended machin- ery spaces
Relation between permission to have periodically unattended machinery spaces and the technical class notation.
When the Danish Maritime Authority permits a vessel to operate with periodically unattended machinery spaces, the vessel must meet the rules of a recognized classification society to that effect through a relevant UMS notation or statement, or be equipped in accordance with the Danish Maritime Authority’s guidelines for sailing with periodically unmanned machinery spaces.
|Sailing some crewmember short
In case of a deprivation of one or more crew members, the master must, in consultation with the company, conduct a safety assessment.
Should a Danish vessel be in a situation where it is deprived of any member(s) of the crew beyond the control of the master or the owner for instance due to illness, death or desertion, the correct procedure is as follows:
Inform the PSC authority in the next port of call in advance as well as the Danish Maritime Authority by e-mail to the address firstname.lastname@example.org.
No approval or “to whom it may concern” letter from the Danish Maritime Authority is necessary.
Have a copy of consolidated act no. 74 of 17 January 2014 on the manning of ships ready for presentation to the PSC surveyor upon request. The act is available from the English webpage of the Danish Maritime Authority.
Make the necessary entry of the particulars of the case in the ship’s log book.
Prepare a work schedule and plan the crew’s rest hours so that it is documented that the ship can be operated safely, while complying with the current provisions on work/rest hours.
Prepare documentation stating the name of the crewmember who will be signing on as well as the expected date and port of signing on.
Section 11 of Consolidated act on the manning of ships stipulates:
“If a ship is deprived of any member(s) of the prescribed crew through illness, death, desertion or any other cause whatsoever beyond the control of the master or the owners, no requirements in or issued in accordance with this act shall prevent the master from continuing the voyage, on the condition that due regard be paid to the seaworthiness of the ship. The crew shall, however, be completed as soon as possible. The master shall make the necessary entry of the particulars of the case in the ship’s log book or, where no log book is kept, in the survey book.”